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Title: Rewarding creativity for conserving diversity in third world: can IPR regime serve the needs of contemporary and traditional knowledge experts and communities in third world
Authors: Gupta, Anil K.
Keywords: Intellectual property rights;Creativity;Traditional knowledge
Issue Date: 8-Apr-2010
Series/Report no.: WP;1996/1339
Abstract: Regions of high biodiversity are often inhabited by the poorest people. The irony is that many of local healers and other herbal experts do not even charge for their services to the community. They conserve biological diversity despite remaining poor themselves. Their superior ethics cannot be a reason for our inferior ethics. The fact that the younger people are no more inclined to acquire and improve this knowledge further increases the risk of knowledge erosion. The contemporary innovations suffer even worse fate compared to traditional knowledge. In the absence of any institutions to recognize, respect and reward the grassroots creativity, the intellectual properties are exploited by national and multinational corporations inviting charge of biopiracy. The projected losses to third world on this account could be many times more than the suspected loss to developed countries due to copyright and IPR piracy in third world. A registry will prevent any firm or individual to seek patent on community knowledge as well as on knowledge and innovations produced by individuals without some kind of cross licensing.
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