Why Indians work: a cultural values perspective
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While ample empirical evidence on cultural values highlights the difference between Indian and western cultures, substantial research done in India tests models and frameworks developed in Western culture. Assumptions underlying such frameworks may be contrary to Indian thought, practices and culture. Hence, applicability of these frameworks in India is largely questionable. Based on Indian sociological and philosophical thought, and studies grounded in India, this study develops a framework for understanding the meaning of work for Indians. A tripartite meaning of work classification – duty, status and connectedness – is proposed. These meanings are argued to be linked to cultural values of individuals and, a framework linking cultural values and meanings of work is proposed. Future directions are discussed.
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