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dc.contributor.authorTybur J.M.
dc.contributor.authorInbar Y.
dc.contributor.authorAar鴈 L.
dc.contributor.authorBarclay P.
dc.contributor.authorBarlowe F.K.
dc.contributor.authorDe Barra M.
dc.contributor.authorBeckerh D.V.
dc.contributor.authorBorovoi L.
dc.contributor.authorChoi I.
dc.contributor.authorChoik J.A.
dc.contributor.authorConsedine N.S.
dc.contributor.authorConway A.
dc.contributor.authorConway J.R.
dc.contributor.authorConway P.
dc.contributor.authorAdoric V.C.
dc.contributor.authorDemirci D.E.
dc.contributor.authorFern醤dez A.M.
dc.contributor.authorFerreirat D.C.S.
dc.contributor.authorIshii K.
dc.contributor.authorJak歩c I.
dc.contributor.authorJi T.
dc.contributor.authorVan Leeuwen F.
dc.contributor.authorLewis D.M.G.
dc.contributor.authorLi N.P.
dc.contributor.authorMcIntyre J.C.
dc.contributor.authorMukherjee S.
dc.contributor.authorPark J.H.
dc.contributor.authorPawlowski B.
dc.contributor.authorPetersen M.B.
dc.contributor.authorPizarro D.
dc.contributor.authorProdromitis G.
dc.contributor.authorProkop P.
dc.contributor.authorRantala M.J.
dc.contributor.authorReynolds L.M.
dc.contributor.authorSandin B.
dc.contributor.authorSevi B.
dc.contributor.authorDe Smet D.
dc.contributor.authorSrinivasan N.
dc.contributor.authorTewari S.
dc.contributor.authorWilson C.
dc.contributor.authorYong J.C.
dc.contributor.author巈zelj I.
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-11T10:13:52Z
dc.date.available2022-02-11T10:13:52Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationTybur, J. M., Inbar, Y., Aar鴈, L., Barclay, P., Barlowe, F. K., de Barra, M., Beckerh, D. V., Borovoi, L., Choi, I., Choik, J. A., Consedine, N. S., Conway, A., Conway, J. R., Conway, P., Adoric, V. C., Demirci, D. E., Fern醤dez, A. M., Ferreirat, D. C. S., Ishii, K., � 巈zelj, I. (2016). Parasite stress and pathogen avoidance relate to distinct dimensions of political ideology across 30 nations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(44). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1607398113
dc.identifier.issn278424
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1607398113
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11718/25199
dc.description.abstractPeople who are more avoidant of pathogens are more politically conservative, as are nations with greater parasite stress. In the current research, we test two prominent hypotheses that have been proposed as explanations for these relationships. The first, which is an intragroup account, holds that these relationships between pathogens and politics are based on motivations to adhere to local norms, which are sometimes shaped by cultural evolution to have pathogenneutralizing properties. The second, which is an intergroup account, holds that these same relationships are based on motivations to avoid contact with outgroups, who might pose greater infectious disease threats than ingroup members. Results from a study surveying 11,501 participants across 30 nations are more consistent with the intragroup account than with the intergroup account. National parasite stress relates to traditionalism (an aspect of conservatism especially related to adherence to group norms) but not to social dominance orientation (SDO; an aspect of conservatism especially related to endorsements of intergroup barriers and negativity toward ethnic and racial outgroups). Further, individual differences in pathogen-avoidance motives (i.e., disgust sensitivity) relate more strongly to traditionalism than to SDO within the 30 nations.
dc.description.sponsorshipHorizon 2020 Framework Programme,燞2020: 680002;燛uropean Research Council,燛RC: StG-2015 680002-HBIS;燡apan Society for the Promotion of Science,燡SPS: 26380843
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherNational Academy of Sciences
dc.relation.ispartofProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
dc.subjectCulture
dc.subjectDisgust
dc.subjectEvolutionary psychology
dc.subjectPathogens
dc.subjectPolitical ideology
dc.titleParasite stress and pathogen avoidance relate to distinct dimensions of political ideology across 30 nations
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, 1081BT, Netherlands
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M1C 1A4, Canada
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Political Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, 8000 C, Denmark
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
dc.contributor.affiliationSchool of Psychology, University of QueenslandQLD 4072, Australia
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Applied Health Sciences, College of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.affiliationCenter for the Study of Cultural Evolution, Stockholm University, Stockholm, 114 18, Sweden
dc.contributor.affiliationHuman Systems Engineering, Arizona State University, Mesa, AZ 85212, United States
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychology and Education, Open University, Raanana, 4353701, Israel
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychology, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea
dc.contributor.affiliationCenter for Happiness Studies, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea
dc.contributor.affiliationFaculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, 92019, New Zealand
dc.contributor.affiliationSchool of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, SE5 8AF, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32304, United States
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychology, University of Cologne, Cologne, 50931, Germany
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychology, University of Zadar, Zadar, 23000, Croatia
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychology, Bilkent University, Bilkent, Ankara, 06800, Turkey
dc.contributor.affiliationEscuela de Psicolog韆, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Santiago, 9170197, Chile
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychology, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Sergipe, 49100-000, Brazil
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychology, Kobe University, Kobe, 657-8501, Japan
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute for Educational Research, Belgrade University, Belgrade, 11000, Serbia
dc.contributor.affiliationSchool of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
dc.contributor.affiliationSchool of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, Singapore, 178903, Singapore
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Psychology, Health, and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3GL, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.affiliationIndian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380015, India
dc.contributor.affiliationSchool of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1TU, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Human Biology, University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw, 50-138, Poland
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychology, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Athens, 176 71, Greece
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Biology, Trnava University, Trnava, 918 43, Slovakia
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, 845 06, Slovakia
dc.contributor.affiliationTurku Brain and Mind Center, University of Turku, Turku, 20014, Finland
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Biology, University of Turku, Turku, 20014, Finland
dc.contributor.affiliationFacultad de Psicolog韆, Universidad Nacional de Educaci髇 a Distancia, Madrid, 28040, Spain
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Interdisciplinary Study of Law, Private Law, and Business Law, Ghent University, Ghent, B-9000, Belgium
dc.contributor.affiliationCentre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, 211002, India
dc.contributor.affiliationFaculty of Philosophy, Belgrade University, Belgrade, 11000, Serbia
dc.contributor.institutionauthorTybur, J.M., Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, 1081BT, Netherlands
dc.contributor.institutionauthorInbar, Y., Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M1C 1A4, Canada
dc.contributor.institutionauthorAar鴈, L., Department of Political Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, 8000 C, Denmark
dc.contributor.institutionauthorBarclay, P., Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
dc.contributor.institutionauthorBarlowe, F.K., School of Psychology, University of QueenslandQLD 4072, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionauthorDe Barra, M., Institute of Applied Health Sciences, College of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, United Kingdom, Center for the Study of Cultural Evolution, Stockholm University, Stockholm, 114 18, Sweden
dc.contributor.institutionauthorBeckerh, D.V., Human Systems Engineering, Arizona State University, Mesa, AZ 85212, United States
dc.contributor.institutionauthorBorovoi, L., Department of Psychology and Education, Open University, Raanana, 4353701, Israel
dc.contributor.institutionauthorChoi, I., Department of Psychology, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea
dc.contributor.institutionauthorChoik, J.A., Center for Happiness Studies, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea
dc.contributor.institutionauthorConsedine, N.S., Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, 92019, New Zealand
dc.contributor.institutionauthorConway, A., School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland
dc.contributor.institutionauthorConway, J.R., Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, SE5 8AF, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionauthorConway, P., Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32304, United States, Department of Psychology, University of Cologne, Cologne, 50931, Germany
dc.contributor.institutionauthorAdoric, V.C., Department of Psychology, University of Zadar, Zadar, 23000, Croatia
dc.contributor.institutionauthorDemirci, D.E., Department of Psychology, Bilkent University, Bilkent, Ankara, 06800, Turkey
dc.contributor.institutionauthorFern醤dez, A.M., Escuela de Psicolog韆, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Santiago, 9170197, Chile
dc.contributor.institutionauthorFerreirat, D.C.S., Department of Psychology, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Sergipe, 49100-000, Brazil
dc.contributor.institutionauthorIshii, K., Department of Psychology, Kobe University, Kobe, 657-8501, Japan
dc.contributor.institutionauthorJak歩c, I., Institute for Educational Research, Belgrade University, Belgrade, 11000, Serbia
dc.contributor.institutionauthorJi, T., Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, 1081BT, Netherlands
dc.contributor.institutionauthorVan Leeuwen, F., Department of Political Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, 8000 C, Denmark
dc.contributor.institutionauthorLewis, D.M.G., School of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionauthorLi, N.P., School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, Singapore, 178903, Singapore
dc.contributor.institutionauthorMcIntyre, J.C., Institute of Psychology, Health, and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3GL, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionauthorMukherjee, S., Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380015, India
dc.contributor.institutionauthorPark, J.H., School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1TU, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionauthorPawlowski, B., Department of Human Biology, University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw, 50-138, Poland
dc.contributor.institutionauthorPetersen, M.B., Department of Political Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, 8000 C, Denmark
dc.contributor.institutionauthorPizarro, D., Department of Psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
dc.contributor.institutionauthorProdromitis, G., Department of Psychology, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Athens, 176 71, Greece
dc.contributor.institutionauthorProkop, P., Department of Biology, Trnava University, Trnava, 918 43, Slovakia, Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, 845 06, Slovakia
dc.contributor.institutionauthorRantala, M.J., Turku Brain and Mind Center, University of Turku, Turku, 20014, Finland, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku, 20014, Finland
dc.contributor.institutionauthorReynolds, L.M., Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, 92019, New Zealand
dc.contributor.institutionauthorSandin, B., Facultad de Psicolog韆, Universidad Nacional de Educaci髇 a Distancia, Madrid, 28040, Spain
dc.contributor.institutionauthorSevi, B., Department of Psychology, Bilkent University, Bilkent, Ankara, 06800, Turkey
dc.contributor.institutionauthorDe Smet, D., Department of Interdisciplinary Study of Law, Private Law, and Business Law, Ghent University, Ghent, B-9000, Belgium
dc.contributor.institutionauthorSrinivasan, N., Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, 211002, India
dc.contributor.institutionauthorTewari, S., Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, 211002, India
dc.contributor.institutionauthorWilson, C., Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
dc.contributor.institutionauthorYong, J.C., School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, Singapore, 178903, Singapore
dc.contributor.institutionauthor巈zelj, I., Faculty of Philosophy, Belgrade University, Belgrade, 11000, Serbia
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dc.identifier.doi10.1073/pnas.1607398113
dc.identifier.endpage12413
dc.identifier.startpage12408
dc.identifier.issue44
dc.identifier.volume113


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