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dc.contributor.authorSisodia N.S.
dc.contributor.authorRao M.B.N.
dc.contributor.authorMahajan V.
dc.contributor.authorLeeladhar V.
dc.contributor.authorVasimalai M.P.
dc.contributor.authorReddy R.
dc.contributor.authorMohan B.
dc.contributor.authorSrinivasan R.
dc.contributor.authorSriram M.S.
dc.identifier.citationSisodia, N. S., Rao, M. B. N., Mahajan, V., Leeladhar, V., Vasimalai, M. P., Reddy, R., Mohan, B., Srinivasan, R., & Sriram, M. S. (2005). Rural finance in contemporary times: Interface with microfinance. Vikalpa, 30(2).
dc.description.abstractIn India, when we talk about rural finance, the stereotype offered is that of a banking system that fails to reach out to the poorer clients and, when it does, fails to recover the money so disbursed. The counter-point offered is usually the magic wand of microfinance. This Colloquium was an interface between leading bankers and microfinance practitioners in India to examine where these two worlds meet and how they could learn from each other. The discussions were organized around three themes: a) the legacy of the banking system, b) the limitations of microfinance, and c) an assessment of the potential. On the issue of legacy, the message was clear that the intervention of the state in certain aspects has been undesirable. These areas were clearly identified as granting general pardon for loans, tinkering around with interest subsidies, and interfering with the commercial aspects of banking. The limitations of the microfinance institutions were in terms of their sustainability and their inability to draw commercial capital and grow rapidly. However, these limitations were partly seen as a consequence of regulatory apathy and support from the state both in terms of formulating and articulating a regulatory framework and also in terms of the central bank being reluctant to supervise the efforts. These did not help in enhancing the legitimacy of microfinance institutions. The participants saw a great potential in the rural markets which were beyond agriculture. The emerging sectors were identified as construction, non-farm enterprise, handloom, clusters that involve garment making and quarrying, etc. According to them, there was scope for both the banks and the microfinance institutions to intervene. The following points emerged from the discussion: Rural finance has suffered from interventions from the state in the past. While some interventions have been positive, they have harmed the sector when compromises such as write-offs have been made. Microfinance has emerged as an important mechanism to reach out financial services to the poor. There are interesting lessons from this for the banks to adopt. There are problems for the microfinance institutions in the form of regulatory and supervisory apathy. This leads to financial exclusion of large segments of the poor. There is a huge market for financial services 梑oth loans and savings. Innovations across the world indicate important breakthroughs in delivery of financial services. These can be implemented provided the regulatory impediments are removed. The issue of risk management has to be systematically addressed. The role of the state, wherever positive, has been effective and, therefore, this should be sharply defined to see how the state could contribute to this sector. The issue of interest rates continues to be vexatious and needs to be addressed urgently. � 2005, SAGE Publications Ltd. All rights reserved.
dc.publisherSAGE Publications Ltd
dc.subjectFinancial exclusion
dc.subjectFinancial service delivery innovations
dc.titleRural finance in contemporary times: Interface with microfinance
dc.rights.licenseCC BY-NC, CC BY
dc.contributor.affiliationGovernment of India, New Delhi, India
dc.contributor.affiliationIndian Bank, Chennai, India
dc.contributor.affiliationBASIX, Hyderabad, India
dc.contributor.affiliationUnion Bank of India, Mumbai, India
dc.contributor.affiliationDhan Foundation, Madurai, India
dc.contributor.affiliationCooperative Development Foundation, Hyderabad, India
dc.contributor.affiliationNew Delhi, India
dc.contributor.affiliationIIM, Bangalore, India
dc.contributor.affiliationIIM, Ahmedabad, India
dc.contributor.institutionauthorSisodia, N.S., Government of India, New Delhi, India
dc.contributor.institutionauthorRao, M.B.N., Indian Bank, Chennai, India
dc.contributor.institutionauthorMahajan, V., BASIX, Hyderabad, India
dc.contributor.institutionauthorLeeladhar, V., Union Bank of India, Mumbai, India
dc.contributor.institutionauthorVasimalai, M.P., Dhan Foundation, Madurai, India
dc.contributor.institutionauthorReddy, R., Cooperative Development Foundation, Hyderabad, India
dc.contributor.institutionauthorMohan, B., New Delhi, India
dc.contributor.institutionauthorSrinivasan, R., IIM, Bangalore, India
dc.contributor.institutionauthorSriram, M.S., IIM, Ahmedabad, India

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