|dc.identifier.citation||Dayal, Ishwar(Aug.31, 1968), Organizational planning: some comments, Economic and Political Weekly, III, 35 M47-M54||en
|dc.description.abstract||This paper analyses organisational tasks and discusses three approaches to organisations study, and
develops an approach to planning organisation of work.
The task of organising requires more than dividing the work into manageable units or laying down
authority charts. It requires integration of a set of dynamic forces as well as reconciling the various demands
of technology and social factors. The demands vary within the organisation from one operating level to
There are three distinguishable functional levels in an organisation: first, direction, service and control
second, operating management and third, primary work group level The nature of demands at
all three levels are different and these differences may justify different organisational fit at each level General
principles of organisation applicable to the enterprise as a whole seem neither applicable nor justified.
The effectiveness of the organisation depends upon the nature of the task to be done. It must be
based on an analysis of the physical activity at the base of the organisational triangle. The tasks at the higher
levels of the hierarchy must bear direct relation to the basic tasks at the level of the physical activity.
It is suggested that organisational planning must begin with analysis of the tasks at the physical level
and only by determining the suitable organisation at this level can other positions be determined. This is so
because there must be a direct link between the task at the base of the triangle and those that lie higher
up in the hierarchy.
Another characteristic of the organisation has to do with the need for having an adaptive organisation
which can cope with changes in the environment and those that are induced from within the system of the
|dc.title||Organizational planning: some comments||en