Issues in Infrastructure for Export of Marine Products from India
Asopa, V. N.
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Indian marine products are wanted internationally. There is potential for a higher market share in importing countries. Shrimp contributed 62% by value and 28% by volume of exports in 2002-03. The potential market for marine exports is in value added products (cooked, ready to eat and ready for table), freeze dried shrimps (wherever reduced transportation cost can bring in competitive advantage), surimi and canned fish. While infrastructural requirements are essential in the entire supply chain, the quality of infrastructure in the pre-processing stage is significantly lower than the processing and post-processing stages. This paper focuses on the scope of improving both quantum and quality of product including the primary product shrimp in the pre-processing stage from farming/harvesting to the processing unit through a whole range of regulatory and infrastructure measures. These include 1.Improving the quality of trawlers and smaller mechanized boats, to enable deep sea fishing 2.Regulating the capture during the spawning period 3.Achieving global standards at fishing harbors, landing centres and auction centres 4.Promoting aquaculture, but in properly zoned areas with a focus on managing an integrated set of activities 5.Licensing of ice factories, monitoring the quality of water they use, and if required, ensuring supply of quality water 6.Facilitating cold chains in both storage and transportation
- Working Papers